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SOC 205 Week 4 Quiz 2

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SOC 205 Week 4 Quiz 2 -

Question 1

 In Republican Party of Minnesota v. White (2002), the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that


  • judicial candidates cannot raise campaign funds from interest groups or from political parties.


  • the Minnesota Supreme Court's canon of judicial conduct, which  prohibited a candidate for judicial office from announcing his or her views on disputed legal or political issues, does not
  • violate the First Amendment freedom of speech.


  • lawyers with business before a court cannot contribute money to  judicial candidates.


  • the Minnesota Supreme Court's canon of judicial conduct, which prohibited a candidate for judicial office from announcing his or her views on disputed legal or political issues, violates the First Amendment freedom of speech.



Question 2

 Federal judges can be removed from the bench by


  • the president who appointed them.


  • impeachment by the House of Representatives.


  • a majority vote of the Senate.


  • impeachment by the House of Representatives and conviction by the Senate.




Question 3

 The primary function of the ____ is to decide, on behalf of the United States, which cases will and will not be presented to the U.S. Supreme Court for review.



  • U.S. attorney general


  • U.S. attorneys


  • U.S. solicitor general


  • state attorneys general



Question 4

 ____ was the first state to fully adopt merit selection as a method for choosing judges.



  • Maine


  • Michigan


  • Minnesota


  • Missouri







Question 5

 The practice known as senatorial courtesy


  • requires the Senate to confirm the president's appointments to the district courts.


  • allows senators of the president's political party who object to a candidate whom the president wishes to appoint to a district judgeship in their home state to have a virtual veto over the nomination.


  • requires the president to use the blue slip procedure when asking a senator to recommend judges for the federal bench.


  • allows the Senate an opportunity to override a presidential veto of a Supreme Court appointment.



Question 6

 No vacancies occurred on the Supreme Court during ____ term as president.


  • Richard Nixon's


  • Jimmy Carter's


  • Gerald Ford's


  • George H.W. Bush's






Question 7

 The first woman appointed to the Supreme Court was


  • Sandra Day O'Connor.


  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg.


  • Sonia Sotomayor.


  • Elena Kagan.



Question 8

 ____ law schools annually produce far more attorneys than any other country.


  • American


  • French


  • German


  • Japanese



Question 9

 Which of the following statements is not accurate?


  • Most states require trial and appellate judges to have law degrees.


  • Like several other countries, the United States has a career judiciary and a specifically prescribed training program and competitive examinations for would-be judges.


  • States often require at least some amount of legal experience before a person can serve on the bench.


  • A number of states impose minimum age requirements and/or mandatory retirement ages for judges.



Question 10

 Only two states allow ____ to select state judges.


  • the president


  • their governors


  • the voters


  • their legislators



Question 11

 All federal judges appointed under the provisions of Article 3 of the Constitution hold office


  • "during the Term of fourteen Years."


  • "until the time of Adjournment of the Congress."


  • "during good Behavior."


  • "until the Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives" is prescribed.



Question 12

 Currently, about ____ percent of state trial court judges are female.


  • 7


  • 15


  • 25


  • 48



Question 13

 In states that officially choose their judges for full terms by partisan elections, a good numberof judges may receive their initial position through.


  • gubernatorial appointment.


  • presidential appointment.


  • nonpartisan elections.


  • appointment by the state court of last resort.





Question 14

 Nominations to the federal bench are made by the president. The judicial candidate's name is then sent to the.


  • attorney general, who has the authority to veto the appointment.


  • Senate Judiciary Committee, which conducts an investigation of the nominee's fitness for the post.


  • House of Representatives, which approves or rejects the nomination by a simple majority vote.


  • Senate, where the appointment must be confirmed by a two-thirds majority vote.



Question 15

 A comparison of decisions rendered by district court judges appointed by recent presidents shows that judges appointed by President ____ had the lowest percentage of liberal decisions in civil liberties and rights cases.


  • Nixon


  • Reagan


  • George H.W. Bush


  • George W. Bush





Question 16

 President Obama selected _____ as his first Supreme Court nominee.


  • John Roberts, Jr.


  • Sonia Sotomayor


  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg


  • Antonin Scalia



Question 17

 Many lawyers provide legal services ____ because they consider free assistance a professional obligation.


  • pro forma


  • pro bono public


  • pro se


  • pro tempore



Question 18

 Each federal district has a U.S. attorney appointed by the ____ and confirmed by the ____.


  • U.S. attorney general/Senate


  • president/ U.S. attorney general


  • House of Representatives/ Senate


  • president/Senate



Question 19

 Many lawyers rarely, if ever,


  • spend time counseling their clients about the proper course of action in anticipation of the reactions of courts, agencies, or third parties.


  • draft documents-such as contracts, wills, deeds, and leases-for their clients.


  • engage in negotiations (such as plea bargains or pretrial settlements).


  • argue cases in a courtroom.



Question 20

 Which of the following statements is not accurate?


  • Throughout his administration, President Clinton did not show a strong desire to make ideologically based judicial appointments and instead sought to put more women and minorities on the bench.


  • When selecting judges, President Truman placed a premium on personal loyalty rather than ideology.


  • President Reagan selected his judicial nominees with a clear eye toward their compatibility with his own conservative philosophy.


  • During their presidencies, both Lyndon Johnson and George W. Bush focused on appointing moderates rather than ideological liberals or conservatives to the bench.



Question 21

If the ____ is/are controlled by the president's political party, the White House will find it much easier to secure confirmation of its judicial nominees than if opposition forces are in control.


  • House of Representatives


  • governorships


  • state legislatures


  • Senate



Question 22

 Those who prosecute persons accused of violating state criminal statutes are commonly known as.


  • public defenders.


  • assigned counsel.


  • general counsels.


  • district attorneys.


Question 23

 A comparison of decisions rendered by district court judges appointed by recent presidents shows that judges appointed by President ____ had the highest percentage of liberal decisions

in civil liberties and rights cases.


  • Johnson


  • Carter


  • Ford


  • Clinton



Question 24

 Most U.S. law school graduates find initial employment.


  • in the business field


  • in the federal government


  • in private practice


  • in the public interest area





Question 25

 Which of the following statements is not accurate?



  • Several states have mandatory retirement provisions for judges


  • Although federal judges can be impeached, state judges cannot be the subject of impeachment
  • procedures.


  • A number of states have set up special commissions to hear ethics complaints against judges.


  • Recall elections are one method by which state judges have been removed from the bench.