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SOC 205 Week 4 Quiz 2

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SOC 205 Week 4 Quiz 2 -

Question 1

 In Republican Party of Minnesota v. White (2002), the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that

 

  • judicial candidates cannot raise campaign funds from interest groups or from political parties.

 

  • the Minnesota Supreme Court's canon of judicial conduct, which  prohibited a candidate for judicial office from announcing his or her views on disputed legal or political issues, does not
  • violate the First Amendment freedom of speech.

 

  • lawyers with business before a court cannot contribute money to  judicial candidates.

 

  • the Minnesota Supreme Court's canon of judicial conduct, which prohibited a candidate for judicial office from announcing his or her views on disputed legal or political issues, violates the First Amendment freedom of speech.

 

 

Question 2

 Federal judges can be removed from the bench by

 

  • the president who appointed them.

 

  • impeachment by the House of Representatives.

 

  • a majority vote of the Senate.

 

  • impeachment by the House of Representatives and conviction by the Senate.

 

 

 

Question 3

 The primary function of the ____ is to decide, on behalf of the United States, which cases will and will not be presented to the U.S. Supreme Court for review.

 

 

  • U.S. attorney general

 

  • U.S. attorneys

 

  • U.S. solicitor general

 

  • state attorneys general

 

 

Question 4

 ____ was the first state to fully adopt merit selection as a method for choosing judges.

 

 

  • Maine

 

  • Michigan

 

  • Minnesota

 

  • Missouri

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 5

 The practice known as senatorial courtesy

 

  • requires the Senate to confirm the president's appointments to the district courts.

 

  • allows senators of the president's political party who object to a candidate whom the president wishes to appoint to a district judgeship in their home state to have a virtual veto over the nomination.

 

  • requires the president to use the blue slip procedure when asking a senator to recommend judges for the federal bench.

 

  • allows the Senate an opportunity to override a presidential veto of a Supreme Court appointment.

 

 

Question 6

 No vacancies occurred on the Supreme Court during ____ term as president.

 

  • Richard Nixon's

 

  • Jimmy Carter's

 

  • Gerald Ford's

 

  • George H.W. Bush's

 

 

 

 

 

Question 7

 The first woman appointed to the Supreme Court was

 

  • Sandra Day O'Connor.

 

  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

 

  • Sonia Sotomayor.

 

  • Elena Kagan.

 

 

Question 8

 ____ law schools annually produce far more attorneys than any other country.

 

  • American

 

  • French

 

  • German

 

  • Japanese

 

 

Question 9

 Which of the following statements is not accurate?

 

  • Most states require trial and appellate judges to have law degrees.

 

  • Like several other countries, the United States has a career judiciary and a specifically prescribed training program and competitive examinations for would-be judges.

 

  • States often require at least some amount of legal experience before a person can serve on the bench.

 

  • A number of states impose minimum age requirements and/or mandatory retirement ages for judges.

 

 

Question 10

 Only two states allow ____ to select state judges.

 

  • the president

 

  • their governors

 

  • the voters

 

  • their legislators

 

 

Question 11

 All federal judges appointed under the provisions of Article 3 of the Constitution hold office

 

  • "during the Term of fourteen Years."

 

  • "until the time of Adjournment of the Congress."

 

  • "during good Behavior."

 

  • "until the Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives" is prescribed.

 

 

Question 12

 Currently, about ____ percent of state trial court judges are female.

 

  • 7

 

  • 15

 

  • 25

 

  • 48

 

 

Question 13

 In states that officially choose their judges for full terms by partisan elections, a good numberof judges may receive their initial position through.

 

  • gubernatorial appointment.

 

  • presidential appointment.

 

  • nonpartisan elections.

 

  • appointment by the state court of last resort.

 

 

 

 

Question 14

 Nominations to the federal bench are made by the president. The judicial candidate's name is then sent to the.

 

  • attorney general, who has the authority to veto the appointment.

 

  • Senate Judiciary Committee, which conducts an investigation of the nominee's fitness for the post.

 

  • House of Representatives, which approves or rejects the nomination by a simple majority vote.

 

  • Senate, where the appointment must be confirmed by a two-thirds majority vote.

 

 

Question 15

 A comparison of decisions rendered by district court judges appointed by recent presidents shows that judges appointed by President ____ had the lowest percentage of liberal decisions in civil liberties and rights cases.

 

  • Nixon

 

  • Reagan

 

  • George H.W. Bush

 

  • George W. Bush

 

 

 

 

Question 16

 President Obama selected _____ as his first Supreme Court nominee.

 

  • John Roberts, Jr.

 

  • Sonia Sotomayor

 

  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg

 

  • Antonin Scalia

 

 

Question 17

 Many lawyers provide legal services ____ because they consider free assistance a professional obligation.

 

  • pro forma

 

  • pro bono public

 

  • pro se

 

  • pro tempore

 

 

Question 18

 Each federal district has a U.S. attorney appointed by the ____ and confirmed by the ____.

 

  • U.S. attorney general/Senate

 

  • president/ U.S. attorney general

 

  • House of Representatives/ Senate

 

  • president/Senate

 

 

Question 19

 Many lawyers rarely, if ever,

 

  • spend time counseling their clients about the proper course of action in anticipation of the reactions of courts, agencies, or third parties.

 

  • draft documents-such as contracts, wills, deeds, and leases-for their clients.

 

  • engage in negotiations (such as plea bargains or pretrial settlements).

 

  • argue cases in a courtroom.

 

 

Question 20

 Which of the following statements is not accurate?

 

  • Throughout his administration, President Clinton did not show a strong desire to make ideologically based judicial appointments and instead sought to put more women and minorities on the bench.

 

  • When selecting judges, President Truman placed a premium on personal loyalty rather than ideology.

 

  • President Reagan selected his judicial nominees with a clear eye toward their compatibility with his own conservative philosophy.

 

  • During their presidencies, both Lyndon Johnson and George W. Bush focused on appointing moderates rather than ideological liberals or conservatives to the bench.

 

 

Question 21

If the ____ is/are controlled by the president's political party, the White House will find it much easier to secure confirmation of its judicial nominees than if opposition forces are in control.

 

  • House of Representatives

 

  • governorships

 

  • state legislatures

 

  • Senate

 

 

Question 22

 Those who prosecute persons accused of violating state criminal statutes are commonly known as.

 

  • public defenders.

 

  • assigned counsel.

 

  • general counsels.

 

  • district attorneys.

 

Question 23

 A comparison of decisions rendered by district court judges appointed by recent presidents shows that judges appointed by President ____ had the highest percentage of liberal decisions

in civil liberties and rights cases.

 

  • Johnson

 

  • Carter

 

  • Ford

 

  • Clinton

 

 

Question 24

 Most U.S. law school graduates find initial employment.

 

  • in the business field

 

  • in the federal government

 

  • in private practice

 

  • in the public interest area

 

 

 

 

Question 25

 Which of the following statements is not accurate?

 

 

  • Several states have mandatory retirement provisions for judges

 

  • Although federal judges can be impeached, state judges cannot be the subject of impeachment
  • procedures.

 

  • A number of states have set up special commissions to hear ethics complaints against judges.

 

  • Recall elections are one method by which state judges have been removed from the bench.