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MGT 312 Week 3 Knowledge Check -
What is the term used to describe performance hitches that arise most exclusively from lack of synchronization and enthusiasm among members of a group?
- Process dividends
- Process losses
- Group exclusivity signs
- Group singularity signs
Identify an accurate statement about sequential task interdependence.
- The main cause of process losses in sequential task interdependence is duplication of effort.
- It is easy to measure individual performance in sequential interdependence.
- Total group performance can be affected by a poorly performing member in sequential interdependence.
- The occurrence of a mistake in a task is not carried forward till the end in sequential interdependence.
Tara, a college freshman, is a talented singer and cheerleader. After various trials, she is offered a place in both the college choir and the cheerleading squad. However, she cannot be a part of both these groups because their practice schedules overlap. Both groups have the same number of members and are equally successful in the college community. However, the selection process for the choir is much more rigorous and it is considered more of an honor to belong to the choir. Therefore, Tara chooses to stay with the choir. In this case, which determinant of group cohesiveness has Tara most likely considered while making her decision?
- Group size
- Success rate
Identify the most accurate description of social loafing.
- It is the inclination of group members to exert relatively less effort when working in a group than when working individually.
- It is the degree to which performance of one group member affects the total performance of the group.
- It refers to the situation in which members of a group evaluate each others' performances on a task.
- It refers to the ease of gauging the individual performances of every team member in a group task.
What is an effective technique to curb social loafing in work groups?
- Making the work group as large as possible
- Evaluating group performance only on a collective basis
- Refraining from appreciating individual performances in a group
- Dividing the work into specific tasks for group members
Aiden, a software engineer, is a competent, hard-working, and disciplined employee. He is part of a seven-member team working on a high-budget project. The other members of Aiden's group are not as dependable as Aiden and often avoided the tasks assigned to them. Consequently, Aiden has to work twice as hard to make up for the incompetence of his group members. Eventually, Aiden starts to worry that others are taking advantage of his efficiency. Deciding to put an end to this, he started to cut back on his efforts. This brought down the productivity of the whole group and Aiden's individual performance. What concept is illustrated in this scenario?
- Process gain
- Sucker effect
- Reciprocal theory
- Group cohesiveness
Identify the type of faulty decision making in which members focus entirely on arriving at a common agreement and overlook crucial information or potential risks in the process of doing so.
- Critical thinking
Identify a disadvantage of group decision making.
- It limits the generation of different ideas and suggestions.
- It increases the scope for factual errors and inaccuracy.
- It is a time-consuming process as it takes a lot of time to consult every member.
- It decreases the degree of acceptance of a decision among group members.
An international pharmaceutical corporation wants to decide on the composition of a particular drug. The decision requires the opinions of experts, so a questionnaire is created and sent to the R&D experts in all of the company's different facilities. In two weeks' time, the questionnaires are filled and returned to the headquarters. Analysts evaluate the data from the questionnaires and arrived at a prospective composition for the drug. This is sent to the different R&D teams again for confirmation and suggestions. The process is repeated until an agreed-upon decision is made. Which group decision-making technique is illustrated in this scenario?
- Brainstorming technique
- Nominal group technique
- Delphi technique
- Unfocused group technique
Identify the stage of Tuckman's five-stage model that immediately precedes the dissolving of the group after the members have achieved their goals.
What is true about the norming stage of Tuckman's five-stage model?
- It is characterized by conflicts and arguments among group members.
- It is the stage in which members develop friendships and share common goals.
- It is the stage in which members leave the group after finishing their tasks.
- It is the stage in which members try to get familiar with each other.
Ajima is part of a five-member group at her company. The group is responsible for making presentations and creating reports. To get the group started, Ajima tries to get to know everybody on her team. Without any discussion of leadership, she starts allocating tasks to the members of her group; this is met by resistance and conflict. Eventually however, the group begins to understand Ajima's leadership style and starts forming ties with each other and with Ajima. At the end of this stage, they start agreeing on common rules for behavior. In what stage of Tuckman's model is Ajima's group presently?
In which type of role orientation does a new employee exclusively follow predetermined instructions, norms, rules, and guidelines of existing group members at an organization?
- Institutionalized role orientation
- Individualized role orientation
- Personalized role orientation
- Creative role orientation
Identify an accurate difference between fixed and variable tactics.
- Fixed tactics lead members to develop a personalized role orientation, whereas variable tactics lead members to develop an institutionalized role orientation.
- Fixed tactics involve giving newcomers proper information on specific phases of the initiation process, whereas variable tactics do not.
- Fixed tactics allow newcomers to create innovative roles for themselves, whereas variable tactics do not.
- Fixed tactics base the process and the speed of socialization entirely on the newcomer, while variable tactics do not.
Sasha and Eric had applied to different sororities in their college. On being accepted, Sasha found that her sorority members were very friendly and welcoming. They seemed to enjoy having her with them and explained the norms of their group. Sasha was very comfortable and felt included in everything. Eric, on the contrary, had a rough experience. His fraternity members were rude and did not bother to explain the norms or include him in any activities of the fraternity. He was constantly insulted and often, had to run errands for the senior members. Identify an accurate statement among the following in the context of socialization tactics.
- Sasha's sorority employs variable tactics; Eric's employs fixed tactics.
- Sasha's sorority employs random tactics; Eric's employs sequential tactics.
- Sasha's sorority employs disjunctive tactics; Eric's employs serial tactics.
- Sasha's sorority employs investiture tactics; Eric's employs divestiture tactics.